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Na Špičáku Cave

Characteristics

JESENÍK KARST

The Jeseník Karst is a simplified name for the series of big bodies and smaller islets of crystalline limestones – marbles rising from folded complexes of metamorphicrocks and plutonic magmatites of geological units of the region of the Lužické Mountains and the Moravian-Silesian Region in the Králický Sněžník Mountains, the Hanušovická Highlands, the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains, the Rychlebské Mountains and the Zlatohorská Highlands of East Sudetenland in Northern Moravia. Numerous underground and surface karst phenomena, predominantly dolines, ponors, seepages and even s were formed in local limestones. In total, there are as many as 100 caves and abysses in the Jeseník Karst.

NA ŠPIČÁKU CAVE

  • In older literature they were also known under the name Supíkovice Cave or the Cave in Supíkovice (Tropfsteinhöhle in Saubsdorf).

  • They go through the Velký Špičák Hill (516 m a.s.l.), which is the highest peak of the karst cone emerging from sediments of the continental glacier between the villages of Písečná and Supíkovice in the Supíkovická Uplands, 10 km north of the city of Jeseník.

  • A predominantly horizontal labyrinth of passages, joints and chambers was created by surface water flows in crystalline limestones – marbles, but their unusual shapes were also influenced by underground lakes of melting water from the continental glacier which, especially during the next to last ice age, had an effect on the northern part of today's Czech Republic.

  • The discovery date of the cave is not known, but the first written mention of the cave dates from 1430. Also, numerous unique historical writings on the cave walls document their frequent visits. It belongs among the oldest recorded caves in Central Europe and, due to the official opening-up in 1885, also among the caves that have been open to the public for the longest time in this country.

  • The total length of all the passages known today is 410 m with denivelation of over 10 m. The entrance is situated 439 m a.s.l., the exit 437 m a.s.l.

  • The barrier-free (wheelchair-accessible) sightseeing tour is 230 meters long and the cave tour takes 30 min.

  • Air temperature in the caves is 7–9°C; relative air humidity is about 95%.